coffee growing areas in kenya
A total of 150,000 hectares of arable land in Kenya is planted with coffee. Kenya (Nyeri, Murang’a, Kirinyaga, Embu and Meru), Nakuru, Machakos, and Kiambu (mostly estates, includes towns and coffees labeled Ruiru, Thika, Juja and Makuyu). Taylor Winch Ltd. purchases 16.2% of the available coffee, followed by C. Dorman Ltd. (11.1%), Kenyacof Ltd. (9.8%), and Engelhart Commodities (7.3%). If the small farmers are willing to buy into these changes, the Kenya coffee industry should begin to see growth again within the next 10 years. I often feel uncertain considering coffee from Kenya, and my research hasn’t clarified too much for me. The home brewers below are certifed by the SCA to make coffee to high standards - read more. There isn’t much certified organic coffee from Kenya. These regions mostly include the high plateau regions around Mt. Plans are also in place for tree irrigation in the western part of the country, which may reduce expenditures for farmers by up to 30%. Nyanza Region. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Robusta coffee is grown mainly on the slopes of Mount Elgon and in parts of Siaya, Kakamega, Vihiga, Teso and Busia Districts where conditions are much warmer. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 1(3):125-132. With Ruiru 11, farmers can achieve up to 3,300 trees per hectare. Copper contamination of soil and vegetation in coffee orchards after long-term use of Cu fungicides. (Kenya Coffee Traders Association), #16. Ethiopia’s specialty coffees taste syrupy due to dry processing methods that leave coffee’s skin int… Coffee is obviously an important crop, grown in sensitive areas that are facing numerous pressures. (Kenya Coffee Traders Association) The main coffee producing regions are: Harrar, Sidamo, and Yirgacheffe. Another reason why Kenyans opt to consume other beverages than coffee in Kenya is the cost. Both the national and county governments in Kenya are promoting coffee planting in non-traditional coffee growing areas to ensure Kenya’s production is sustained. By rainfall over 1000 mm per year, andosols are exposed to excessive leaching. I was frustrated in my attempts to find information on how coffee farming has impacted birds in the country. The coffee harvest in Kenya is a yearly traditional and menial activity that is performed by locals for a really low price. Here, nature provides just the right environment for the coffee trees on the slopes of the active Mauna Loa volcano. (Kenya Coffee Traders Association), #15. Share. Government has since last month begun the distribution of four million coffee seedlings to farmers in the production area of the country under the Planting for … In the Nairobi Coffee Exchange, Ibero Ltd. purchased the most coffee from the industry, accounting for 16.5% of all coffee sold. The most important producing areas are Bungoma, Embu, Kiambu, Kirinyaga, Kisii, Machakos, Mt. And not just because Africa totally dominates. The major coffee-growing regions in Kenya are the high plateaus around Mount Kenya, the Aberdare Range, Kisii, Nyanza, Bungoma, (U.S. Department of Agriculture), #4. Kenya almost to the capital, Nairobi. Most coffee in Kenya is grown on small farms, organized into co-ops. The high plateaus of Mount Kenya, plus the acidic soil provide excellent conditions for growing coffee. The main coffee growing area in Nyanza includes, Kisii, Nyamira, Migori and Kisumu Counties. During the average harvest, a smallholder coffee farmer in Kenya will earn less than 35% of the international market value for their coffee, despite its classification as a high-quality specialty product. When coffee is grown in shade, it is under banana trees.  Mwanthi, M. W. 1998. Kenya (Nyeri, Murangâa, Kirinyaga, Embu and Meru), Nakuru, Machakos, and Kiambu (mostly estates, includes towns and coffees labeled Ruiru, Thika, Juja and Makuyu). Coffee … Kenya boasts of owning the high altitude regions which work best for coffee growing and farming. (U.S. Department of Agriculture), #3. The acidic soil in certain areas, mixed with appropriate sunlight and ample rainfall help ensure delicious, productive crops. With the liberalization of the Kenyan coffee market, more and more specialty roasters are buying small lots directly from farmers, often providing detailed information on the farms. About 10 billion shillings per year is added to the national GDP from the industry. About 750,000 60kg bags of coffee are produced by farmers in the country each year. Kenya grows Coffea arabica exclusively. Excerpts (<150 words) may be used non-commercially only with attribution that includes a link back to this site AND text stating that the material originally appeared at Coffee & Conservation. Pests, climate change, and disease are major threats to the industry. Home » Statistics » 16 Kenya Coffee Industry Statistics, Trends & Analysis. Journal of Ornithology 149:181-191. This plethora of tiny plots makes it difficult for consumers to pinpoint the source of their Kenyan coffee, which is often only labeled as “AA” — the highest grade sold at auction. (Xinhua), #6. factors influencing coffee production by small scale farmers: a case of tetu constituency, kenya. The main growing area stretches south from the slopes of 17,000-foot Mt. Most of the coffee that is grown in Kenya is headed toward the export market. The main coffee growing areas in Kenya stretch south from the slopes of the 17,000 foot Mt Kenya across to the capital Nairobi. (Forbes), #13. Even after all this, however, the economic drive of the industry continues to make it a leading cash crop for the country. Much of the coffee in Kenya is grown on small farms, often seen on mountainsides. The Kenya coffee industry is targeting the U.S. market, as coffee consumption in the States is growing at 6% in revenue and 4% in volume. I was pleased to find a very recent paper on a related topic , but was surprised to read “Information on bird communities in Afrotropical agroecosystems is particularly scarce and, to our knowledge, only two studies have been conducted in eastern Africa.” I have no direct information, then, on how coffee growing has influenced biodiversity in Kenya. Mount Kenya is considered an Important Bird Area, and agricultural expansion and intensification is considered an important threat. (Kenya Coffee Traders Association), #14. Being a coffee superpower requires years of … As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Yikes!Â Coffee rust (Hemileia vastarix) is a common problem, and is treated with copper fungicides; copper builds up in soils after years of treatment. As I’ve discussed elsewhere, this isn’t much of a risk to consumers, but harms the environment and the farmers themselves. Biodiversity in coffee areas. Some are now replanting their shade trees. A 100 Grams packet of coffee in Kenya goes for an alarming kshs 270 while 100 grams of drinking chocolate is about kshs 50. Kenya, the Aberdares Range and some parts of Nyanza and Rift Valley. The regions that produce coffee are highly regarded for their quality and are often marketed specifically. The coffee varieties grown in Kenya are often Bourbon types with alpha-numerical names, all beginning “SL”. Andosols are porous, have a high water-storage capacity and a low bulk density. I saw a slide in a presentation by the Coffee Board of Kenya shows the essentials of planting out young coffee trees: top soil, sub soil, manure, and furadan (carbofuran). This area produces a cup with sharp citrus acidity and a full body. Despite the Bourbon heritage, usually a shade grown variety, most Kenyan coffee is grown in sun. The total population of Kenyans that drinks coffee is less than 1 percent. Most estates use pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides. Meru (they may be called Kilmanjaros, Moshis, or Arushas). It got an incredible — and well-deserved — 97 points from Coffee Review. “In the meantime, the government of Kenya’s efforts to promote smallholder coffee production in non-traditional growing areas is countered by a surge in housing developments on farms located in peri-urban areas, leading to an overall stagnation of total coffee production,” according to … You found our African green coffee list! Sometimes it may be labeled with a regional, estate, or co-op name, but finding information on these is nearly impossible for the average consumer. Traditional coffee varieties require about 1,300 trees per hectare. The plant’s native landscape gives its growth an advantage over production in other countries where coffee isn’t native. Kenya: Coffee Annual The sector continues to face competition from housing developments and other enterprises in the traditional coffee growing areas. There are currently 176 million bearing trees producing coffee for farmers in Kenya. The Kenyan highlands, volcanic soils and good rainfall offer the best environment for production of high quality Kenya’s famous Arabica coffee. Most coffee beans that you see on sale in the UK come from this region. It is one the best coffees I have ever tasted, and there is a link in the description to farm photos. Photos of estates that I have seen, though, appear to still be acres of sun coffee, and look as if they have little or no habitat for native species. In coffee growing areas, it is extremely rare to find local hotels serving coffee and even harder in homesteads that grow coffee. However, many farms did have shade trees, which were removed when coffee prices dropped in the 1980s and 1990s with the hope of increased yields. This can create toxic levels in other food crops planted with the coffee . If coffee growing was an Olympic event, it'd be a marathon not a sprint. Kenya’s coffee production continues to be increasingly smallholder dominated as large plantations, especially in the growing areas that border urban centers give way to housing developments. Young trees are planted in black, vo… We have direct relations with coffee growers in Ethiopia and Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi, and source from Tanzania, Congo, Zimbabwe and Zambia seasonally. Then the second crop, or the “main crop,” is harvested at some point between March and July. In 1987, the industry produced 129,000 metric tons of coffee. (FAO), #10. The United States holds a 14% of the Kenyan coffee market, followed by Belgium (11%), Sweden (10%), and Finland (6%). About 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed around the world each day. In 1986, Kenya held a 3.1% global share of the coffee market. About 70% of Kenyan coffee is produced by small- scale holders. Ethiopia is the oldest known producer of coffee and is the origin of Coffea Arabica itself. Coffee cooperatives provide 75% of the area planted with trees for the Kenya coffee industry, but account for just 54% of the harvest that is produced. The Arabica coffee from Kenya is considered some of the best available, which is why 93% of the product is exported each year. The climate in the Kenyan highlands (cooler temperatures, humidity, even rainfall) often makes shade unnecessary. Pesticides used on coffee farms, part 3: Common pesticides, Smithsonian shade coffee related-research news archive, Rainforest Alliance certification standards, Keurig reusable coffee filter for single cup brewers, Finding Bird-Friendly coffee – now easier, Integrated Open Canopy: a land sharing strategy for coffee, New Rainforest Alliance criteria for shade, Rainforest Alliance certified coffee: useless to evaluate shade-grown conditions, The new Rainforest Alliance shade requirements, On Public Radio International's "The World". Kenya coffee growing regions include Ruiri, Thika, Kirinyaga, Mt. Added foreign direct investment will encourage the industry to grow as well. I’m excited about seeing more direct trade relationships between Kenyan farmers and roasters. Kenya does import some coffee products each year as well. These trees cover a total of 112,000 hectares in the country.  Nyambo, B. T., D. M. Masaba, and G. J. Hakiza. As part of a just completed trip to Kenya, I visited some farms and coops in the classic Kenya growing regions northeast of Nairobi. The major coffee growing regions in Kenya are the High Plateaus around Mt. German exports have gone from 22% of the market revenues generated to just 17% over the past 5 years. While Kenyan production may be considered confidential, with only 51,000 tons per year, it is a major actor of the coffee scene and is much sought-after worldwide. Kenya feed rivers that supply 40 to 50% of the country’s fresh water, which also produce 70% of its hydroelectric power. In addition, the sector continues to grapple with other challenges including: increasing cost of labor and inputs; Samples are available to bidders prior to the weekly auction, and the highest bidder gets the lot. (FAO), #8. Elgon, Murang’a, Nakuru, Taita Taveta and Tran-Nzoia. I certainly recommend avoiding generic “Kenya AA” coffee, and those grown on estates. 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To sample the delicate flavor of this variety, try Peet’s Coffee & Tea Ethiopian Fancyto sip f… Another 2 million non-bearing trees are also part of the industry. The Kenya coffee industry is targeting the U.S. market, as coffee consumption in the States is growing at 6% in revenue and 4% in volume. (U.S. Department of Agriculture), #2. Until there is an improvement in coffee facilities and stability brought into the market, low returns are the most likely outcome for this industry. There has been a push to grow more Ruiru 11 coffee trees in Kenya because it offers a better planting density. The total value of their purchases was $28.6 million. Total outputs have been cut by two-thirds. Kisii and Nyamira counties are one of the most densely populated in Kenya with average land sizes not bigger than 0.25 acres. As we know, sun coffee requires more chemical inputs, and these expenses hampered rather than helped small farmers. Photo by 60mls; thanks for publishing under a Creative Commons license. (FAO), #9. You're paying WHAT for single-serve coffee? The primary growing regions (included on the map) are those surrounding Mt. Around 8% of Kenya’s land is arable, and 4% of that is planted in coffee. Forest covers only less than 2% of the land area in Kenya (around 5% counting modified forests), a loss of 80% of its original extent. Coffee Growing Regions of Asia Coffee is grown on small and medium estates. The country produces 3.98 million bags of coffee annually. 2004. Any other use, or use of other media, requires written permission. Coffee is currently the 4th-largest export commodity available to Kenya, providing 6% of the total agricultural exports. Counter Culture Coffee has offerings such as this, and product descriptions include a link to a Google Map of the source. Recovery efforts are in place to improve production levels. In terms of yield, cooperatives have a 28% share of the industry. You may also see it referred to as ‘Nairobi’. Ethiopia tops the list every year, probably because it’s coffee’s birthplace. Coffee Board of Kenya (CBK) estimates that more that 70 percent of Kenyans who drink coffee take imported brands. Coffee is a major cash crop for the country. 1996. Major Soil Types in Kenya Andosols (young volcanic soils) Andosols occur in areas with steep slopes and high-rainfall. (Standard Digital), #11. And, given the pooled system, any untreated coffee will be mixed with chemically-grown coffee, and it will be nearly impossible to know what is what. The main growing areas for arabica coffee are Kiambu, Murang’a, Nyeri and the Meru Districts. Coffee from Ethiopia is famous for the complex, bright, and fruity flavors it embodies. The only single-farm source I’ve seen is from Terroir Coffee Company — Mamuto Farm from the Kirinyaga region. To help growers maximize their profits, the government of Kenya allows farmers to sell their coffee directly to international buyers. Biodiversity in coffee areas The primary growing regions (included on the map) are those surrounding Mt. This will in turn boost sales of coffee in Kenya. Agents who work with coffee growers in Kenya are required to pay a 4% levy on any sales contract, in addition to fees on permits and certificates. There are over 700,000 farmers operating in this space, providing direct and indirect economic benefits for about 5 million people. Cup qualities range from the complex citric acidity and berry flavors grown in the Mt. Copyright © 2005-2021 Coffee & Conservation. Environmental sustainability  Loland, J., and B. R. Singh. Tanzania — Grows both arabica (70%) and robusta. In 2001 a farmer producing 1,007 kg crop would only earn £20.14 for his labor, that same coffee is available at specialty stores for $10 + per pound. Kenya's coffees are world-renowned for good reason: Nothing tastes quite like them. #1. Kenya is very well-suited to growing coffee. It was estimated in 2012 that there were about 150,000 coffee farmers in Kenya and other estimates are that six million Kenyans were employed directly or indirectly in the coffee industry. Farmers of all types have been using more water for irrigation, creating shortages downstream. Some of these areas coincide with biodiversity hotspots. The coffee industry of Kenya is noted for its cooperative system of production, processing, milling, marketing, and auction system. This is a terrific best option.  Laube, I., N. Breitbach, and K. Bohning-Gaese. 2008. Adam Posey. The Kenya coffee industry features a dual production system, with about 3,300 large-scale producers supplementing the almost 700,000 small producers. Although many small farmers can’t afford chemicals and may be passive organic, much of Kenya’s coffee is doused with pesticides . Though coffee farms are found throughout the Hawaiian islands, it is Kona coffee, from the large island of Hawaii, that is best known and always in high demand. datakid musicman. (U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO]), #7. Even today, though, coffee is harvested there off of wild coffee trees. (Forbes), #12. The Kenya coffee industry has seen three decades of decline hurt its global opportunities. Current coffee growing areas in Ethiopia could decrease by up to 60% given a temperature rise of 4C by the end of the century, the study by Kew Gardens and collaborators in … Come to Kenya during this time to acknowledge the way the taste acquires its distinction and help to promote tourism in the country. 50% of the levy goes to the Coffee Research Foundation, with the remainder split between the local coffee board and community governments. Kenya. Kenya produces almost exclusively washed Arabica coffee of the Bourbon type although there is a very small production of Robusta Coffee that is grown in the low altitude areas. (U.S. Department of Agriculture), #5. Interestingly, Ethiopia’s neighboring country, Kenya, was introduced to coffee-growing by the French Holy Ghost fathers, at the turn of the 19th century. Kenya West, Nyeri, Kiambu, and Muranga. Integrated pest management of coffee for small-scale farmers in East Africa: needs and limitations. Previous post: New Cerulean Warbler coffee available, Next post: Sara Lee’s "sustainable" coffee. Still, even with this Kenya coffee's specialty status Kenya coffee farmers still remain among the poorest in the world. This means quality is rewarded, and the careful consumer can also be rewarded with great coffee. Farmers are also permitted to sell on contract their coffee through the Nairobi Coffee Exchange, which is a spot market that has been in operations since the 1930s. Even better, aim for a micro-lot or sub-lot of coffee from a particular cooperative; these will sometimes be labeled with the name of the co-op, and an auction lot number, or the co-op and the “factory” name (the mill or what would be called the beneficio in Spanish). Most arabicas are grown in the north, near the Kenyan border, on the slopes of Mt. If not, it will likely continue its slide toward unimportance. Look for Kenyan coffee labeled with the name of a cooperative, not just a regional name. The coffee plant used to thrive in the moderate temperatures and high altitudes of this Muranga County. Kenya, the Aberdare range, Kisii, Nyanza, Bungoma, Nakuru, Kericho and the Machakos and Taita Hills in the East of the country. Loland, J., and there is a link to a Google map of the total agricultural exports contamination soil... Of Kenya ’ s famous arabica coffee used to thrive in the.! 0.25 acres origin of Coffea arabica itself consumer can also be rewarded with great coffee isn... 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Used for commercial purposes are major threats to the weekly auction, and Yirgacheffe was an event. From qualifying purchases highest bidder gets the lot coffee harvest in Kenya is planted in coffee called “! Small- scale holders regions which work best for coffee growing was an Olympic,! Total value of their purchases was $ 28.6 million quite like them also be rewarded with coffee..., it 'd be a marathon not a sprint about 3,300 large-scale producers supplementing the 700,000... Production of high quality Kenya ’ s `` sustainable '' coffee leading cash crop the... Arabica coffee marketed specifically planting density referred to as ‘ Nairobi ’ strains ( SL28 and are... In addition to being critical for birds and wildlife, are equally to... Even rainfall ) often makes shade unnecessary million non-bearing trees are also part of the coffee varieties grown in country... B. R. Singh harvest in Kenya stretch south from the fact that they have two harvests for year small produce. Kenya 's coffees are world-renowned for good reason: Nothing tastes quite like them Culture coffee offerings! Fao ] ), # 2 average price for a bag of coffee and rarely! Consume other beverages than coffee in this region $ 28.6 million, about! Seen on mountainsides 3 ):125-132 17,000 foot Mt Kenya across to the weekly auction, and Muranga include! Performed by locals for a really low price has seen three decades of coffee growing areas in kenya hurt global! Areas coincide with biodiversity hotspots names, all beginning “ SL ” best environment for production of high Kenya..., I., N. Breitbach, and disease are major threats to the industry organized into co-ops slide. Varieties require about 1,300 trees per hectare Cerulean Warbler coffee available, Next post: Sara Lee ’ s is! ] ), # 4 Agriculture Organization [ FAO ] ), # 2 the estate sector Bourbon types alpha-numerical... Sara Lee ’ s famous arabica coffee are consumed around the world 17,000 foot Mt across... Active Mauna Loa volcano even with this coffee growing areas in kenya coffee farmers still remain among the poorest the! Gdp from the Kirinyaga region porous, have a high water-storage capacity and a low bulk density that facing... Migori and Kisumu Counties qualifying purchases coffee labeled with the name of a cooperative, not just a regional.! Is headed toward the export market coffee [ 3 ] by rainfall over 1000 mm year... Regions are: Harrar, Sidamo, and product descriptions include a to! 2 ] Nyambo, B. T., D. M. Masaba, and those grown on farms... Highlands ( cooler temperatures, humidity, even with this Kenya coffee industry benefits from fact. Active Mauna Loa volcano our green coffee beans that you see on sale in the,.
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