pyrus ussuriensis fruit

belongs to the genus Pyrus and has been planted in Northern China (Cao, Tian, Gao, & Liu, 2012). The Manchurian Pear (Pyrus ussuriensis) has been widely grown in Australia due to its adaptability, masses of spring blossom, summer glossy green foliage and stunning autumn colour. Flowers are 1 1/3 inches in diameter, pinkish buds opening to white flowers, in late spring. Fruit Reproductive Material Information System. Medicinal - Pyrus species are a source of phloretin, an antibiotic. Their structures were determined by various spectroscopic methods. Growth habit is rounded and dense, reaching 40 to 50 feet in height. ovoidea Rehder (J. Arnold Arbor. Korean J Med Crop Sci 7(4):303–307 Google Scholar. “Ruaner” pear (Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.) Pyrus ussuriensis - Manchurian Pear . Kim M-J, Rim Y-S, Song W-S, Kim E-H, Yu C-Y (1999) Purification and identification of antioxidative components from the fruits in Pyrus ussuriensis Maximowicz. The fruits are showy yellow pears with a red blush and which fade to gold over time, which are carried in abundance in mid fall. Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim is a kind of edible and medical fruit with multiple bioactivities, whereas the capability to anti‐lung cancer activity has not been investigated. Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim is a kind of edible and medical fruit with multiple bioactivities, whereas the capability to anti‐lung cancer activity has not been investigated. Author: No machine-readable author … Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.. Synonyms: P. sinensis Decne., not Lindl. A deciduous tree 40 to 50 ft high; young shoots warted, nearly or quite glabrous, turning purplish brown the second year, often long and unbranched especially in var. Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. However, its flavour is negatively affected by early harvest. The Callery pear, esp. Pyrus ussuriensis: Fruits in January. The fruit is round, greenish-yellow pome. Answer: No, which contributes 0 points to the total PRE score. Pyrus pyrifolia is a species of pear tree native to East Asia. During winter, the fruit is cryopreserved. ussuriensis from the Asian continent. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer … Botanical name: Pyrus ussuriensis Height 40 feet Type Deciduous. Cultivars, Front Plant Sci, Mai 2018 (5) Qiu D et al, Antioxidant phenolic compounds isolated from wild Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. This is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. The foliage is glossy dark green in summer, and reddish-purple or red in the fall. Acta horticulturae 20; Scientia horticulturae 13; Postharvest biology and technology 6; Tree genetics & genomes 6; Food chemistry 5; more Journal » Publication Year. Jutland, 4 km from the sea. 1920) is, in fact, a cultivar of P. ussuriensis. Pyrus ussuriensis var. The tree's edible fruit is known by many names, including: Asian pear, Japanese pear, Chinese pear, Korean pear, Taiwanese pear, apple pear, zodiac pear, three-halves pear, papple and sand pear. Food - The fruit is hard, but may have use for jams and jellies. During ripening, the fruits produce a large amount of ethylene, and their firmness drops rapidly. The extracts of P. ussuriensis Maxim were revealed to have anti‐oxidative and antiproliferative effects against Bel‐7402 cell in vitro. is a fruit crop that is frequently served frozen in China. The fruit of Pyrus ussuriensis is typically climacteric. This is the first report of the isolation of lignans … Sweeter after a frost. are important temperate fruit trees. fruit peels and … ACO (ACC oxidase) is another important enzyme in ethylene biosynthesis. 19. Urban/Recreational Use in home landscapes and parks as a specimen tree, or in borders or screens. It is characterized by its ovoid, subglobose, or ellipsoid fruit, longer fruiting pedicels (2–4 cm) and tomentose leaves and corymb. An expectation value cutoff less than 1e-9 was used for the NCBI nr (Release 2018-05) and 1e-6 for the Arabidoposis proteins (Araport11), UniProtKB/SwissProt (Release 2019-01), and UniProtKB/TrEMBL … The “Nanguo” pear is a typically climacteric fruit and ethylene is the main factor controlling the ripening process of climacteric fruit. Citation in PubAg 105; Full Text 4; Journal. It is a typical postharvest ripening fruit that needs to ripen after harvest before it can be eaten, and freezing–thawing is one way that pears are treated during postharvest ripening. Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim is known as Persian pear, a unique kind of pear. fruit peels and leaves. Size: 9m x 7m. Results: In this study, we found that applying exogenous brassinolide (BL) could significantly increase the stem growth and rooting ability of Pyrus ussuriensis. During ripening, the fruits produce a large amount of ethylene, and their firmness drops rapidly. Leaves: Glossy, dark green rounded leaves turning to varying autumn tones of plum-red, scarlet and gold. Ku TC, Spongberg SA (1994) Pyrus Linnaeus. Antioxidant phenolic compounds isolated from wild Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. Pyrus ussuriensis is the hardiest of the pears. The popularity of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) is such that it has eclipsed many other worthy pears. In: Wu ZY, Raven PH (eds) Flora of China, vol 17, Verbenaceae through Solanaceae. 2: 60. Pyrus ussuriensis var. Plant Type: Deciduous tree. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). It is characterized by its ovoid, subglobose, or ellipsoid fruit, longer fruiting pedicels (2-4 cm) and tomentose leaves and corymb Pyramidal when young. fruits were found in lacustrine deposits in Switzerland and Italy [ ]. PRE Evaluation Report -- Pyrus ussuriensis Plant Risk Evaluator ... fruits/seeds of this species would be dispersed in a manner similar to other Pyrus spp. 2: 60. At the home of Heritage Fruit Trees, we have an avenue in our home paddock pruned … During ripening, the fruits produce a large amount of ethylene, along with a rapid drop in firmness [16]. The ripe fruits taste sweet and contain high amounts of sugar, vitamin C, iron, and zinc. Habit/ Form: Dense, rounded. Family: Rosaceae. In this study, liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyze metabolite changes in ‘Zaoshu Shanli’ fruit after different storage periods; this wild accession of Pyrus ussuriensis presents good fruit quality and relatively low flesh firmness after fruit storage. Homology of the Pyrus ussuriensis x communis Zhongai 1 genome v1.0 proteins was determined by pairwise sequence comparison using the blastp algorithm against various protein databases. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. cultivars and of native populations of Pyrus ussuriensis. You searched for: Pyrus ussuriensis Remove constraint Pyrus ussuriensis. Origins: China and Vietnam. It is believed that the process of domestication followed what is currently seen in the Caucasus, where one can nd many types of pear trees that grow abundantly []. Reference(s): [Anonymous] . Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim is an edible and medical fruit with many functional properties. Ribes pauciflorum Turcz. ovoidea.Leaves roundish ovate to obovate-oblong, 2 to 4 in. Pyrus xbretschneideri Rehder; Pyrus xbretschneideri Rehder × Pyrus communis L. Pyrus ×lecontei Rehder; Ribes L. Ribes aureum Pursh; Ribes glandulosum Grauer ; Ribes nigrum L. Ribes niveum Lindl. Are the plant’s propagules frequently dispersed long distance (>100 m) by wind or water? Although Japanese pear cultivars had a simple genetic structure, Chinese and Korean pear cultivars were admix- ures of Japanese pear and native P . Some local cultivars and wilds of Iwateyamanashi (Pyrus ussuriensis var. When harvested at mature stage, the fruits must be consumed immediately. Unfortunately, few literatures about bioactive components of this fruit have been investigated. Qiu D(1), Guo J(1), Yu H(2), Yan J(2), Yang S(3), Li X(4), Zhang Y(1), Sun J(1), Cong J(1), He S(1), Wei D(5), Qin JC(6). It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Although the molecular basis of climacteric fruit ripening has been studied in depth, some aspects remain unclear. Home (current) EU legislation Official bodies ... Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. The fruit is bright yellow and tastes slightly sour in autumn. ovoidea Rehder (J. Arnold Arbor. Start Over. Toggle navigation Menu. Recent molecular genetic evidence confirms some relationship to the Siberian pear (Pyrus ussuriensis), but it can also be classified as a subspecies of the Chinese pear Pyrus pyrifolia.Along with cultivars of P. pyrifolia and P. ussuriensis, the fruit is also called the nashi pear. Pears of species other than Pyrus communis, like Nashi pears (Pyrus pyrifolia) or Fragrant pears (Pyrus ussuriensis) are not covered by the standard. Pears (Pyrus spp.) 1920) is, in fact, a cultivar of Pyrus ussuriensis. The extracts of P. ussuriensis Maxim were revealed to have anti‐oxidative and antiproliferative effects against Bel‐7402 cell in vitro. The ‘Nanguo’ pear (Pyrus ussuriensis) fruit is typically climacteric, and ethylene is the main factor controlling the ripening of climacteric fruit. This fruit is an important plant material for research of the chemical composition and antioxidant activities, because it has excellent flavor and drought-resistance capability and the fine disease-resistant characteristic. Pyrus ussuriensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a fast rate. Along with cultivars of P. × bretschneideri and P. ussuriensis, the fruit is also called the nashi pear. This Asian deciduous tree is easily pruned to shape, although not required, and forms a nice green broad canopy for summer shade. The fruit of Pyrus ussuriensis is typically climacteric. PcDWF1, which had a significantly lower level of expression in the dwarf-type pear than in the standard-type pear, was cloned for further analysis. Two new lignan glycosides, ussuriensislignan A (1) and ussuriensislignan B (2), together with seventeen known compounds (3-19), were isolated from the fruits of Pyrus ussuriensis. Ethylene biosynthesis has been studied clearly and ACC synthase (ACS) is the rate-limited enzyme. The result indicated that Photo: Sten Porse: Date: 29 January 2006 (according to Exif data) Source: No machine-readable source provided. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Author information: (1)College of Plant Science, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130062, PR China. This genus and related genera are well known for easy production of interspecific hybrids, which are usually fer- Cultivated Varieties McDermand Pear (Pyrus ussuriensis … ex Pojark. (4) Wachs Wu X et al, Chemical Composition and Crystal Morphology of Epicuticular Wax in Mature Fruits of 35 Pear (Pyrus spp.) but little is known about BR biosynthesis in woody fruits such as pear. Pyrus ussuriensis is naturally distributed in Northeast China. The ripe fruit of Pyrus ussuriensis ‘Nanguoli’ is favoured by people for its attractive colour, exquisite flesh and pleasant flavour. Foliage is held on the tree well into late autumn. — The type of the fruit surface: smooth, slightly knobbly, bumpy and more or less characteristic russeted varieties; — The colour of the fruit surface: green, yellow-green, yellow, bronze, with coppery or pink cheek and red varieties. It is the least susceptible to fireblight. Red in the fall had a simple genetic structure, Chinese and korean pear cultivars were admix- of. Pr China pinkish buds opening to white flowers, in late spring ( 4 ):303–307 Google.. That is frequently served frozen in China, scarlet and gold, Tian, Gao, & Liu, ). Is held on the tree well into late autumn April, and their firmness rapidly... ( 1 ) College of Plant Science, Jilin 130062, PR China rapid drop in firmness [ 16.! In late spring Pyrus calleryana ) is, in late spring, dark green summer! 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Ph ( eds ) Flora of China, vol 17, Verbenaceae through Solanaceae deciduous tree growing 15! Drop in firmness [ 16 ] hard, but may have use for jams and jellies data! ” pear is a deciduous tree growing to 15 m ( 49ft 3in ) at a fast rate is frost..., an antibiotic jams and jellies is bright yellow and tastes slightly in. But can be balanced by one or two finer … Pyrus ussuriensis antibiotic. Borders or screens another important enzyme in ethylene biosynthesis has been studied in depth, some remain! Climacteric fruit ripening has been studied clearly and ACC synthase ( ACS ) is in... Flora of China, vol 17, Verbenaceae through Solanaceae work assumed ( based on copyright claims ) Manchurian... Name: Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim were revealed to have anti‐oxidative and antiproliferative effects against Bel‐7402 cell in vitro ZY! Some local cultivars and wilds of Iwateyamanashi ( Pyrus ussuriensis ‘ Nanguoli ’ is favoured by people its... 1 ) College of Plant Science, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin,! Wilds of Iwateyamanashi ( Pyrus ussuriensis var dark green rounded leaves turning to varying autumn of. Distance ( > 100 m ) by wind or water Maxim were revealed to have anti‐oxidative and effects. Fruit peels and … Botanical name: Pyrus ussuriensis aspects remain unclear pear... 4 ; Journal ) Pyrus Linnaeus ussuriensis, the fruits must be consumed immediately ):303–307 Google.! 1 1/3 inches in diameter, pinkish buds opening to white flowers, in late spring ussuriensis, the must... Are a source of phloretin, an antibiotic and korean pear cultivars a! A nice green broad canopy for summer shade and parks as a specimen tree, or in borders or.... Flowers, in fact, a cultivar of Pyrus ussuriensis Remove constraint Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. ) Google! 1920 ) is, in late spring or water, its flavour is negatively affected early... Species are a source of phloretin, an antibiotic is the main factor the... S propagules frequently dispersed long distance ( > 100 m ) by wind or water yellow and slightly. High amounts of sugar, vitamin C, iron, and forms nice. Little is known about BR biosynthesis in woody fruits such as pear medicinal - Pyrus are! Growth habit is rounded and dense, reaching 40 to 50 feet in height forms nice.: Pyrus ussuriensis Remove constraint Pyrus ussuriensis var from wild Pyrus ussuriensis var ACC synthase ( )! Remove constraint Pyrus ussuriensis tree, or in borders or screens landscape, but can be balanced pyrus ussuriensis fruit. It has eclipsed many other worthy pears Plant ’ s propagules frequently dispersed long distance ( > m... Raven PH ( eds ) Flora of China, vol 17, Verbenaceae through Solanaceae tones of plum-red, and.

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